Posted by: oliviapontet | February 2, 2012

Amazing Beijing

Beijing (Chinese: 北京, pinyin: Beijing Listen to the pronunciation in Mandarin, literally “northern capital”) is the capital of the People’s Republic of China. Located in the north, the municipality of Beijing (北京市, abbreviated 北京), with an area of ​​16,800 km2, borders Hebei Province and Tianjin Municipality. Beijing is regarded as the political and cultural center of China, while Shanghai and Hong Kong predominate in economic terms.

First peripheral city of the Chinese empire under the Han and Tang dynasties, it becomes important when the Jurchen, who founded the Jin Dynasty, choose as their main capital in 1153. The Mongol prince Kublai Khan does the same as the Dadu (“great city”), and finally the Ming will transfer their administration in 1421, completing the choice of Beijing as the capital of China. Located near the Great Wall, Beijing is home to famous landmarks such as the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven, which are listed as World Heritage. Many architectural and structural achievements have changed the city during the Olympic which it hosted in 2008 Games.

With 19.6 million inhabitants (2010), Beijing is the second most populous city in China after Shanghai. The urban area has for its 18 million inhabitants. Speaking Beijing form the basis of standard Mandarin. From an economic point of view, Beijing is the third largest city in China with total GDP after Shanghai and Hong Kong. She knows very rapid economic growth, well over 10% per year in the 2000s. A new Central Business District (CBD) is under construction.



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