Posted by: oliviapontet | March 31, 2012

Chinese basics (2)

Second lesson of chinese :

Places

  •      Taxi: 出租汽车 (qi chu zu che)
  •      Metro: 地铁 (di tie)
  •      Metro Station: 地铁 站 (di tie zhan)
  •      Hotel: 酒店 (jiu dian)
  •      Restaurant 饭店 (fan dian)
  •      Toilets: 厕所 (this shuo)

Personal pronouns

  •      I: 我 (wo)
  •      You: 你 (ni)
  •      He / she: 他 / 她 (ta)
  •      Us 我们 (women)
  •      You: 你们 (nimen)
  •      They: 他们 / 她们 (tamen)

Verbs

  •      Go: 去 (qu)
  •      Eating: 吃饭 (chi fan)
  •      Drinking: 喝水 (he shui)
  •      Sleep: 睡觉 (shui jiao)
  •      Wanting: 要 (yao) or 想
  •      Have: 有 (you)
  •      Power: 能 (neng)

Numbers

  •      1一  (yi)
  •      2 二 (er)
  •      3 三 (san)
  •      4 四 (si)
  •      5 五 (wu)
  •      6 六 (liu)
  •      7 七 (qi)
  •      八 eight (ba)
  •      9 九 (jiu)
  •      10 十 (shi)

Excuse me, can you tell me where is the nearest hotel
对不起, 请问 最近 的 “酒店” 在 那里?
(dui bu qi zui jin ching wen jiu dian zai na li)

– The phrase in quotes may be replaced by several other expressions of places such as restaurant, embassy, ​​bar etc. …..

– In Chinese the words “yes” and “no” do not exist, they use instead:

This is good: 好啊 (hao ah)
This is not good: 不行 (bu xing)

– To construct sentences in Chinese, you need a personal pronoun followed by a verb.

– Unlike the French, the verb is not conjugated.

– The word for negation is 不 (bu) for most but some other verbs like the verb “to have” use 没 (mei).
Here’s an example: I do not want to eat 不想 我 吃饭 (wo bu xiang chi fan)

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