Posted by: oliviapontet | June 19, 2012

Chinese education

In 1986, China has set a target long-term establishment of a nine-year compulsory education for all children. In 1997, the People’s Republic were 628,840 primary schools, 78,642 secondary schools, and 1,020 higher education institutions. In February 2006, the government revised its guidance upwards by promising to make completely free compulsory education for nine years, including textbooks and fees in the poor western provinces of China. In 2002, the proportion of Chinese literate was 90.9%, with 95.1% men and 86.5% women, the Chinese youth (15 to 24) in 2000 is 98 9%: 99.2% for men and 98.5% for women. In March 2007, China announced the decision of making education a national “strategic priority”, with a national budget tripled in two years and an additional $ 223.5 billion yuan (22 billion euros) provided over five years to improve compulsory education in rural areas.

The quality of Chinese universities varies considerably across the country. Most listed in mainland China are Beijing University, People’s University of China (Renmin University of China), and Tsinghua University in Beijing, Tongji University, Fudan University, University Jiao tong Shanghai and the Ecole Normale Superieure in eastern China’s Shanghai, Xi’an Jiaotong University Xi’an, Nanjing University in Nanjing, University of Science and Technology of China Hefei, Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, Wuhan University in Wuhan.

Many parents are very involved in the education of their children, including investing a large part of their income. Private lessons and recreational activities, such as foreign languages ​​and music, meet a great success with families of the middle class who can afford it.

Many Chinese parents hope their children will go abroad to complete their training and / or start their careers. French is increasingly studied in China, which needs-in the quest for raw materials-to conquer the resources of Francophone Africa.

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